Oligospermia

What is Oligospermia

What is Oligospermia?

Oligospermia is a fertility issue present in the male and further is characterized by the low sperm count. Low sperm count further can be described as the semen ejaculated during an orgasm contains a lower amount of sperm than the normal. The presence of Oligospermia can be critical for a person as it lowers the chances of fertilization, and thus creates a huge amount of problems in pregnancy.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a person can have the presence of Oligospermia when the sperm count is fewer than 15 million per milliliter of semen. Further, the Who also suggested that anything that is lower than the below points will be considered as Oligospermia.

  • Sperm count from 10-15 million sperm/mL is considered as Mild Oligospermia.
  • Sperm Count from 5-10 million Sperm/mL is considered as Moderate Oligospermia.
  • Sperm Count when fall between 0-5 million sperm/mL, furthermore considered as the Severe Oligospermia.

The amount of sperm count can vary from age to age and moreover, it is also unclear that due to what reason men get diagnosed with Oligospermia disease. Nevertheless, in this article, you will know everything about the low sperm count.

Everything You Need to Know Oligospermia

Causes | Symptoms | Consider a Doctor | How to Affect | Treatment

What are the possible causes of Oligospermia?

The possible causes of low sperm count can be determined by the following points:

Hormonal Imbalances

Hypothalamus and pituitary glands mainly produce the hormones that are required for the further production of sperm. Due to any condition, if the alteration occurs in the production of the hormones, it further affects the sperm and possibly leads to a low sperm count.

Ejaculatory Problems

The ejaculation problem means the situation when the semen flows in the opposite direction towards the bladder instead of flowing towards the penis. This is a serious condition and can also lead to infertility among men.

Undescended Testicles

This is an inborn condition and further leads to infertility among men. At the time of the fatal development, if the testicles fail to get descend from the abdomen to the sac, which forms the scrotum, then the fertility gets hampered and causes a low sperm count in the semen.

Anti-sperm anti-bodies

Certain immune cells are present in the body commonly known as the Anti-sperm anti-bodies that further kills the sperm cells. This happens in an uncertain way as they think that it is something harmful to the body. In addition, this possibly leads to low sperm count.

Chromosomal malfunctioning

Klinefelter’s syndrome, Kallmann’s syndrome, and Kartagener’s syndrome are certain genetic malfunctioning that further leads to the abnormal development of the male reproductive organs. Normally this kind of defect is found in a person with inheritance.

Environmental Factors

Industrial chemicals, heavy metal exposures, radiations, or X-rays, and overheating of the testicles are some common examples of environmental factors and further lead to low sperm count.

Obstructions

Obstruction is a chronic and major cause of Oligospermia. This is the situation when the sperm-carrying ducts get blocked by some outsider development. The development further includes the growth of cystic fibrosis or any injury due to prior surgeries and infections. This can severely lead to a low sperm count.

Injury or Trauma

A surgery that includes anyone following chemotherapy, vasectomy, hernia repair surgery, scrotal surgeries, prostate surgeries, etc can possibly be the cause of the Oligospermia.

Medications

Antifungal, antibiotics, ulcer medicines, chemotherapy drugs, testosterone replacement therapy, etc are some common drugs that hamper the growth of the sperm in a person’s body.

Related Conditions

What are the symptoms of Oligospermia?

According to research, the main symptom of Oligospermia can be explained by the inability of a person to conceive a child. Moreover, in some men, there are no obvious signs of low sperm count. In some men, it can be caused due to conditions including inherited chromosomal abnormality, a hormonal imbalance, dilated testicular veins, or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm.

Furthermore, this might have a sign and symptoms that include the following.

  • Sexual Functioning Problems can be explained as the low sex drive, or difficulty in controlling an erection. Another common name is erectile dysfunction.
  • Swelling, pain, or formation of a lump in the areas of the testicles.
  • The decline in the facial, or body hair, or other signs of hormone or chromosome malfunction.

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12+ Years of Experience as
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When you should consider a Doctor?

You can consider visiting a doctor when you are unable to conceive a child after a year of practice or more. You can also further consult with a doctor due to the following reasons:

  • If you are facing erection or ejaculation problems, a decrease in sex drive, or any other disorders related to sexual function.
  • If you find any kind of pain, discomfort, or swelling in the area of the testicles.
  • A past problem related to the testicle, prostate, or sexual disorder.
  • If a person has undergone groin, testicle, penis, or scrotum surgery.

How Oligospermia does lead to infertility?

With the advancement of technology and naturally sometimes several men can still conceive babies with the presence of Oligospermia. But while conceiving naturally fertilization may be more daunting and can need several attempts after several failures.

Sperm motility is referred to as the active movement of the sperm cell present in the semen. In normal conditions, the sperm cells naturally flow towards the egg to perform the fertilization whereas, in abnormal motility, the sperm does not have active movement and fails to reach the egg. In several cases of Oligospermia, it is also seen that the sperm moved in an unpredictable direction and further fails to reach the egg. In this way, fertilization is hampered in the Oligospermia.

Explain the Treatment of Oligospermia?

With the help of several treatments, a person can increase sperm count. The treatments further include the following:

  • Surgery– Vasectomy or varicocele may often require surgery. While performing surgery, your doctor will close the enlarged veins and will redirect blood from another vein.
  • Medications– There are several medications that your doctor can prescribe you that further include antibiotics treat infections and inflammation. This type of treatment can definitely stop the drop of the sperm count.
  • Lifestyle changes– Controlling the shape and size of the body and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help to inbuilt the sperm numbers. A person should stop the consumption of drugs like alcohol, tobacco, and other forms of drugs.
  • Hormonal Treatment– Hormonal treatment can be further performed with the help of several medications, injections, and lifestyle changes. With the improvement of hormones, a person can also improve the Sperm count.
  • Home Remedies– A person should perform a sexual activity more often especially at the time of ovulation performed by your partner. A person should also avoid the usage of lubricants as it can further prevent the sperm from reaching the egg. If you still feel the need for lubricant then consider talking with the doctor.

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Dr. Ramit Kamate is a Reproductive Medicine Consultant and Sexologist with experience of 12+ years. He specialises in Sexual Medicine for male and female, Fertility Treatment, Pre and Post Delivery Care, Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD), Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Natural Cycle IVF, MTP.

Dr. Ramit Kamate finished MBBS from B J Medical College, Pune. He pursued Masters’s In Reproductive Medicine from Hamilton University, UK & IBCME Dubai. Completed Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology and Sexual Medicine from USA.

Oligospermia

by | Oct 26, 2021

Oligospermia

by | Oct 26, 2021

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