Oligo Astheno Teratozoospermia Treatment in Pune
One of the major causes of infertility is considered Low Sperm Count and Motility. Due to the factors including oligozoospermia, teratozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, a person or couple might face problems at the time of conceiving. 90% of all cases with poor sperm quality result in infertility in men and from 20% to 40% are seen in couples.
Almost 1 in a total number of six men is affected by infertility-related problems. There are several causes and several types of sperm disorders that further lead to the pregnancy problem between couples.
Everything You Need to Know About Oligo Astheno teratozoospermia
What is OAT | Symptoms | Causes | Consider a Doctor | Diagnosis | Treatment
What is Oligo-Astheno-teratozoospermia (OAT)?
Oligo-Astheno-teratozoospermia (OAT) is a condition that leads to a low sperm count. This condition does not include anyone kind of disorder but can be divided into three disorders. It further includes the oligozoospermia: which is defined as the low amount of sperm count, asthenozoospermia: this is the situation where the sperm loses its mobility and performs a poor movement, teratozoospermia: This is the abnormal shaping and structure of the sperm.
Subfertility can occur in a person due to the reason of OAT. Moreover, Subfertility is another situation, when a person especially a man fails to make a woman pregnant after 1 year of regular sex without having birth control measures.
In Vitro Fertilization
In vitro fertilization is a modern reproductive procedure. We use it to treat infertility and help couples in conceiving. During IVF, developed eggs are extracted from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a laboratory.
In Vitro Maturation
In-vitro maturation, or IVM, is an assisted reproductive technology (ART). The original procedure of oocyte IVM has been accessible since the 1990s; however, doctors rarely use it due to IVF viewing better returns.
Laser Assisted Hatching
By creating a hole in the zona pellucida membrane (the outermost layer of the embryo’s shell), a technique known as laser-assisted hatching
IVF failure is the most common thing as unfortunately; IVF treatment cannot provide you success. An IVF failure can be the most frustrating thing ever for you and your partner.
Sperm Donation is the process where a male gender provides his sperm to another couple or person. The overall process of collecting and donating semen to a person or couple is sperm donation.
Repeated Implantation Failure
At the time of transferring embryos with the help of In Vitro Fertilization when the embryos fail to get transplanted, it can be then considered as the Implantation Failure.
Preimplantation Genetic Testing
A woman who faces infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss, that woman is chronic to the chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo.
Women’s ovaries produce gametes known as ova or ovum. These immature egg cells become mature ovum during a menstrual cycle.
Oligo Astheno Teratozoospermia
Oligo-Astheno-teratozoospermia (OAT) is a condition that leads to a low sperm count. This condition does not include anyone kind of disorder but can be divided into three disorders.
After you conceive a baby through IVF, you could uncover a circumstance that suggests more embryos than you are known. In such situations, you can either store them for the future or can discard them.
Sperm Freezing & Vitrification
Another name for sperm is spermatozoon which is in a plural form known as spermatozoa. This is a male reproductive cell, produced by the male gender animals.
Embryos Freezing & Vitrification
The embryo is defined as the early stage of development of a multicellular organism that is reproduced sexually. In simple terms, Embryo is an organism that has not totally developed and is in the previous stage of growth and differentiation.
Microsurgical Testicular Sperm Extraction commonly known as Micro-TESE is a surgical procedure that is performed to retrieve sperm from the male testicles seminiferous tubules.
Endometrial Receptivity Analysis
ERA or Endometrial Receptivity Analysis is a genetic test to evaluate endometrial lining. Only a developed endometrial lining accepts embryos and increases the implantation chances.
What are the Symptoms of OAT?
The major symptom that will help you understand whether you are affected by OAT is the time when you are unable to make your partner pregnant or can’t conceive after 1 year of regular unprotected sex. There are other symptoms of OAT too but that can depend on the cause of the OAT resulting in Infertility. Moreover, if you notice any kind of varicocele, or find a mass or swelling near the testicles or in the scrotum which further feels like a bag of worms can also be a symptom of OAT.
12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist
12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist
What are common Causes of OAT?
The OAT can be caused due to several reasons. The reasons are further listed below for your better understanding:
- Genetics– Genes that are transported to a person by their parents can lead to infertility. In simple terms, if you are born with some genes that affect sperm production, movement, and transport then there are high chances that you are affected by OAT.
- Medicines– Continuous use of several medicines can also hamper the several factors of the sperm. Especially medicines including steroids and other medications that help to cure high blood pressure, cancer, or depression may affect your fertility and can lead to OAT.
- Abnormal Hormonal Levels– Hypothalamus and pituitary glands mainly produce the hormones that are required for the further production and functionality of sperm. Due to any condition, if the alteration occurs in the production of the hormones, it further affects the sperm and possibly leads to OTA causing.
- Antibodies– Human bodies tend to create proteins commonly called antibodies with the help of the immune system and further attacks the sperm thinking viruses or bacteria and affect the several properties of the sperm as well.
- Infections– Several infections present in the male reproductive system can hamper male fertility. In addition, these kinds of infections are commonly found in the prostate.
- Lifestyle– Excessive consumption of alcohol, drugs, tobacco can also hamper sperm count and functionality. Industrial chemicals, heavy metal exposures, radiations, or X-rays, and overheating of the testicles are some common examples of environmental factors and further lead to OTA.
- Varicocele– This is the condition that occurs in the veins and leads to enlargement and dilation in the veins of the scrotum.
When you should consider a doctor?
A person should consider visiting a doctor if he feels any of the below difficulties:
- If you are facing erection or ejaculation problems, a decrease in sex drive, or any other disorders related to sexual function.
- If you find any kind of pain, discomfort, or swelling in the area of the testicles.
- A past problem related to the testicle, prostate, or sexual disorder.
- If a person has undergone groin, testicle, penis, or scrotum surgery and feels a sudden pain.
Explain the Diagnosis of OAT?
At the time of performing the diagnosis of OTA, your doctor or healthcare provider can ask about your current health status and past health status. Your doctor may also want to know the time period you and your partner are trying to conceive. Furthermore, you should not hide anything from your doctor and should discuss all the things that you performed and consumed. If you are into alcohol then also you should share that with your doctor. Further things your doctor can offer you include:
A Physical Examination
In the physical examination, your doctor will examine your whole body to check the presence of any kind of imbalance in your hormones. Some of the examinations include increased body fat, body hair, breast tissue, and the size and shape of the testicles.
A blood test can also be performed by your doctor to find out the reason behind your infertility. Moreover, this can also help to know about your overall health condition.
This is further needed to find out the condition of the genes, whether you are affected by the abnormal genes or not. This also provides knowledge regarding whether your genes are stopping you from conceiving or not.
Semen Analysis is the checking of the fertility of a man. This test if results in an increased number of white blood cells then it can be assumed that the sperm problem regarding the movement and function.
This is the analysis of the sperm performed with the help of the mucus.
This is the procedure of checking the position of the veins in the scrotum. In this process, the doctor can insert a dye inside your body and take out the X-rays to find out the presence of varicocele.
What is the treatment procedure of OAT?
The treatments performed by the doctor to cure the PAT disorder are further listed below:
Vasectomy or varicocele may often require surgery. While performing surgery, your doctor will close the enlarged veins and will redirect blood from another vein.
There are several medications that your doctor can prescribe you to further treat infections and inflammation. This type of treatment can definitely stop the drop of the sperm count and can balance the hormone level. The doctor may include steroids and antioxidants. Steroids further help to treat infertility caused by the immune system whereas antioxidants help to decrease the damage of sperms caused by the reactive oxygen species (ROS).
Embolization is another procedure that is used to cure a varicocele, where the veins get collapsed and the blood flow in the veins also stops.
Extraction of Sperm
This is the removing of sperm from the testicles or epididymis to save it for further use or to fertilize a woman’s egg later on.
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Being a doctor myself, I was looking for a Gynaecologist who understands my concerns and solves it so easily that my non-doctor husband understands it well. Dr. Ramit is very compassionate and is really good at his skills. I would highly recommend him.
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Dr. Ramit Raosaheb Kamate
MBBS ,DNB, DGO, FRM (UK)
Dr. Ramit Kamate is a Reproductive Medicine Consultant and Sexologist with experience of 12+ years. He specialises in Sexual Medicine for male and female, Fertility Treatment, Pre and Post Delivery Care, Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD), Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Natural Cycle IVF, MTP.
Dr. Ramit Kamate finished MBBS from B J Medical College, Pune. He pursued Masters’s In Reproductive Medicine from Hamilton University, UK & IBCME Dubai. Completed Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology and Sexual Medicine from USA.
MBBS DGO DNB Gold Medalist
Fellow In Sexual Medicine (USA)
Fellow In Reproductive Medicine
Fellow In Cosmetic Gynecology (USA)
Fellow In Ultrasound And Laparoscopy
Fellow In Stem Cell Medicine
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