Best IVF Centre – Fertility Treatment in Pune

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?

In vitro fertilization is a modern reproductive procedure. We use it to treat infertility and help couples in conceiving. During IVF, developed eggs are extracted from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a laboratory. After fertilization, we transfer the fertilized eggs to a uterus. One complete cycle of IVF continues for about three weeks. Occasionally these steps are split into different phases, and the procedure can take a longer time. Your probabilities of conceiving a healthy baby using IVF depend on many factors, such as your age and the cause of sterility.

Everything You Need to Know About In Vitro Fertilization

Purpose | What to Expect | Procedure | What Happens After Procedure | Complications | Success Rate and Cost

Why is IVF done?

IVF is an infertility treatment for sterility or genetic problems. Occasionally, IVF is obtainable as a principal action for infertility in females over the age of 40. We also do if you have any sexual health disorders. For example, IVF may be an option if you or your spouse has:

  • Fallopian tube damage or obstruction: Fallopian tube damage or obstruction makes it problematic for an egg to fertilize or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.
  • Ovulation syndromes: If ovulation is irregular or absent, fewer eggs are accessible for fertilization.
  • Endometriosis: It occurs when the uterine lining grows outside of it. It sometimes touches the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes.
  • Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are the tumors in the partition of the uterus and are common in females in their 30s and 40s. It can inhibit the embedding of the fertilized egg.
  • Impaired sperm production or utility: Below-average sperm absorption, feeble movement or irregularities in sperm dimensions and shape can make it hard for sperm to fertilize an egg. If we find semen irregularities, your spouse might need to see a doctor to determine vital health concerns

Related Conditions

What to expect before IVF?

While selecting an IVF center, remember that its success rate depends on many aspects. The patient’s age, health issues, and the hospital’s treatment tactics are crucial. Ask for complete statistics about the prices linked with each step of the technique.

Before starting a sequence of IVF using your eggs and sperm, you and your spouse will likely need numerous screenings, comprising:

  • Ovarian reserve analysis: To regulate the quantity and excellence of your eggs, your IVF specialist doctor might check the concentration of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen, and anti-mullerian hormone in your blood throughout the first few days of your menstrual cycle. Examination results, often used along with an ultrasound test of your ovaries, can help calculate how your ovaries will reply to fertility treatment.
  • Semen analysis: If not completed as part of your early fertility assessment, your doctor will conduct a semen examination shortly before starting an IVF treatment phase.
  • Transmissible disease screening: A doctor will screen both of you for transmissible infections, like HIV.
  • Mock embryo transmission: Your physician might conduct a demo embryo transmission to control the complexity of your uterine opening. He does this to implant the embryos into your uterus.
  • Uterine examination: Your physician will inspect the intimate lining of the uterus before you start the sequences of IVF. This might involve a sonohysterography (in which a watery dose is introduced through the cervix into your uterus) and an ultrasound test to generate images of your uterine void. 

What is the Procedure of IVF?

After all the examinations and tests, we perform IVF procedure in different steps like:

1. Ovulation Induction

In the first step, we give hormonal injections and drugs to the female partner. We do this only when we are using the female’s egg for the procedure. We try to increase egg production so that we can extract more than one eggs. It increases the chance of pregnancy.

Meanwhile, our doctor monitors the growth of eggs in the ovaries through vaginal ultrasounds and blood tests.

2. Eggs Extraction

Once the eggs become mature, the doctor retrieves them in the clinic. The doctor does this process mainly with Transvaginal ultrasound aspiration. He inserts a thin needle into the vagina that goes to the follicles and retrieves the eggs. He may remove multiple eggs in around 18-20 minutes.

We place these eggs in an incubator, and meanwhile, ask the male partner to do their part of the process. You may feel slight cramping after the egg retrieval process.

3. Sperm Collection

Once we retrieve all the eggs, we ask male partners to collect their semen samples through masturbation. Sometimes, we do this by testicular aspiration when required. If there is any problem with the sperms, we use donor sperms for the IVF procedure.

After obtaining a semen sample, we separate sperms from it and examine them to look for any possible problems.

4. Fertilization

After obtaining both eggs and sperms, we perform the fertilization process in the lab. This process happens in two ways:

  • To mix eggs and sperms and leave them overnight in a petri dish.
  • To do ICSI, if the sperms are unhealthy. Here, we select a single healthy sperm and inject it directly into the uterus.

After the first method, the fertilization takes place, and we monitor the growth of the embryo.

5. Embryo Transfer

After fertilization, we transfer the embryo into the uterus. We do this by giving you a mild sedative and inserting a thin, flexible tube into the vagina. This tube contains a syringe that has embryos in them. This way we pass the embryo into the uterus and wait for it to implant.

The chances of pregnancy depend upon the implantation of the embryo. It takes up to 14 days for an embryo to implant.

12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist

12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist

What happens after the procedure?

After the completion of the process, if the embryo implants successfully, pregnancy happens and vice versa. You can confirm the pregnancy by doing a home pregnancy test. Your doctor will confirm your pregnancy by doing an ultrasound or a blood test.

What are the Complications of IVF?

  • Multiple births: IVF raises the risk of multiple pregnancies if we transfer more than one embryo to your uterus. Pregnancy with more fetuses transmits an advanced risk of premature labour and low birth weight than a normal pregnancy.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: The use of injectable fertility medicines, such as human chorionic (HCG), to encourage ovulation can root ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, in which your ovaries become inflamed and sore.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: About 2% to 5% of females who use IVF will have an ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg grafts outside the uterus, typically in a fallopian tube). The fertilized egg can not live outside the uterus, and there is no way to carry on the pregnancy.
  • Anxiety: The use of IVF can be monetarily, physically, and emotionally hard. Support from therapists, family, and friends can help you and your spouse through the ups and downs of infertility management.
The complications of IVF are rare and do not affect every case. The chances of these complications are reduced if you choose the best IVF clinic with skilled doctors.

What is the success rate and cost of IVF in Pune?

The success rate of IVF in younger women is around 40%. It is higher in women below 35 and decreases as the women age. The success rate of IVF depends upon various factors. No matter, if you choose the best hospital, best surgeon, you can not make this percentage to 70-80%.

Also, the cost of the IVF procedure depends upon several factors. The average amount of IVF in India is around Rs. 1,35,000 to Rs. 2,00,000 lakhs per cycle. This amount does not include the cost of additional tests, medicines, etc.

    IVF Patient Testimonials

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    Goral Gondnale

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    Being a doctor myself, I was looking for a Gynaecologist who understands my concerns and solves it so easily that my non-doctor husband understands it well. Dr. Ramit is very compassionate and is really good at his skills. I would highly recommend him.

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    Pravin Bhanvase

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    Doctor is very friendly & attentive. Listens to you gives you plenty of time. one stop solutions for all diagnostics. All the test samples are collected at clinic only, Dr. Ramit Kamte is very compassionate and is really good at his skills. I would highly recommend him.

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    Dr. Ramit Raosaheb Kamate

    MBBS ,DNB, DGO, FRM (UK)

    Dr. Ramit Kamate is a Reproductive Medicine Consultant and Sexologist with experience of 12+ years. He specialises in Sexual Medicine for male and female, Fertility Treatment, Pre and Post Delivery Care, Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD), Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Natural Cycle IVF, MTP.

    Dr. Ramit Kamate finished MBBS from B J Medical College, Pune. He pursued Masters’s In Reproductive Medicine from Hamilton University, UK & IBCME Dubai. Completed Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology and Sexual Medicine from USA.

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    IVF

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    MBBS DGO DNB Gold Medalist

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    Fellow In Cosmetic Gynecology (USA)

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