Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal uterine bleeding

Overview

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding is a condition when bleeding occurs between the menstrual cycles. If you are also experiencing heavy flow during periods or continuous bleeding for days can also indicate this health issue.

Here we will discuss the AUB… its symptoms… treatment.. and many more.

Keep reading till the end.

Everything You Need to Know About Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

What is it | Symptoms | Causes | How Diagnosed | Treatments | Complications | Prevented | FAQ

What is AUB?

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding or AUB is also known as Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding. Generally, menstruation occurs between a cycle of 21-35 days.

The menstruation days can last from around two to seven days depending upon the woman’s body. Abnormal uterine bleeding occurs abnormally between your normal period cycles. it can be caused due to uterus cancer, thyroid, or hormonal imbalance.

Related Conditions

Symptoms of AUB

Abnormal bleeding among women can occur due to many reasons. It can also happen due to some side effects of birth control pills, or IUD (Intrauterine Device). Let’s know about the crucial symptoms of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding –

  • Irregular Menstrual Cycles

A normal menstrual cycle occurs every 21 days to a maximum of 25 days. But, if you find that your periods are occurring more frequently, then it can be a sign of AUB.

  • Unusual Bleeding

You may spot bleeding at unusual times such as after sex, or between periods. Women can also experience unusual bleeding after menopause.

  • Longer Menstrual Days

A normal period cycle lasts up to 7 days. But if you find that your periods are lasting for more than that, then you need to consult a doctor.

  • Heavy Bleeding

Heavy bleeding during periods is also known as Menorrhagia which can be a symptom of AUB. Excessive bleeding can also lead to loss of blood which can cause Anaemia and other diseases as well.

Causes of AUB

Irregular bleeding is normal among teenagers, and women experiencing menopause. But, you also need to know about the reason that causes AUB-
  • Platelet Dysfunction 
AUB can also be caused due to low or high platelet counts. If you face any platelet dysfunction, then it can cause excessive blood loss. 
  • Hormonal Changes
From menstruation to pregnancy and menopause several hormonal changes occur. These changes can cause AUB.
  • Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer occurs in the cervix which is located below the uterus. The common symptom of cervical cancer is vaginal discharge with a foul smell. Also, it causes your periods to extend than your regular days. 
  • Polyps
Polyps are also non-cancerous tumors, however, they can be a major problem for fertility. Women suffering from polyps can suffer from adverse menstrual problems. 
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome 
PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a medical condition where cysts develop in ovaries.  As a result, the endometrium of the uterus lining gets thick which causes heavy bleeding for longer days. 
  • Fibroids
There are two types of fibroids- large and small. It is a non-cancerous tumor that develops in the uterus. It can cause heavy bleeding during menstruation. 

12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist

12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist

How AUB is diagnosed?

You should immediately consult a doctor if you have any of these symptoms. The doctor may ask your important questions and tests for further diagnosis-

  • For how long you have been experiencing these symptoms?
  • You have to go through a pregnancy test and a pelvic ultrasound
  • Blood tests
  • Sample of Uterus Tissue
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Hormone Tests

Treatments of AUB

After the doctor conducts the important tests, then they will begin your treatment. But, if your conditions don’t get better, and then only they proceed to surgery. These are some medications the doctors will prescribe-

  • Tranexamic Acid
  • Intrauterine Device
  • Pills for Birth Control
  • Progesterone
  • NSAIDS
  • GnRH Agonists

How AUB can be prevented?

These are the few steps to prevent AUB so that you can prevent the adverse effects of the disease-

  • Notice any irregular changes in your blood flow
  • Avoid taking estrogen
  • If you are going through post-menopause, then you should avoid oral contraceptives
  • Consult a gynecologist

Frequently Asked Questions AUB 

At what ages AUB is common?

Teenage girls from age 13 to 20s, Abnormal bleeding is common. Also, women who are stepping into 40-50 years of age may suffer from AUB which is common. It is because they are reaching the menopause stage.

What tests are needed to diagnose AUB?

These are the tests that are required for the diagnosis of AUB-

  • Blood Test
  • Pregnancy Test
  • Pelvic Ultrasound
  • Uterus Biopsy
  • Hormone Tests

These are the important information about Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. You can take the necessary steps and avoid any future complications.

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Being a doctor myself, I was looking for a Gynaecologist who understands my concerns and solves it so easily that my non-doctor husband understands it well. Dr. Ramit is very compassionate and is really good at his skills. I would highly recommend him.

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Doctor is very friendly & attentive. Listens to you gives you plenty of time. one stop solutions for all diagnostics. All the test samples are collected at clinic only, Dr. Ramit Kamte is very compassionate and is really good at his skills. I would highly recommend him.

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Dr. Ramit Raosaheb Kamate

MBBS ,DNB, DGO, FRM (UK)

Dr. Ramit Kamate is a Reproductive Medicine Consultant and Sexologist with experience of 12+ years. He specialises in Sexual Medicine for male and female, Fertility Treatment, Pre and Post Delivery Care, Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD), Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Natural Cycle IVF, MTP.

Dr. Ramit Kamate finished MBBS from B J Medical College, Pune. He pursued Masters’s In Reproductive Medicine from Hamilton University, UK & IBCME Dubai. Completed Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology and Sexual Medicine from USA.

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

by | Nov 1, 2021

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

by | Nov 1, 2021

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