Ovarian Cysts

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Overview

The women’s reproductive system consists of two almond-shaped ovaries at each side of the uterus. These ovaries are composed of several fluid-filled sacs known as cysts.

These ovarian cysts disappear after some time. But if they don’t, it can cause pregnancy-related complications. Moreover, many women have ovarian cysts at some point in their lives, but not everyone faces difficulties.

It’s crucial to know its causes and symptoms to diagnose it on time. This blog covers all these basic details along with some treatment options to help you get pregnant.

Everything You Need to Know About Ovarian Cysts

Functions | Symptoms | Visit a Doctor | Complications | Risk Factors | Pregnancy and Ovarian Cysts | Treatment

Functions

Usually, each month, your ovaries form cyst-like projections called follicles. These follicles produce estrogen and progesterone hormones, and the release of an egg occurs during ovulation.

Functional cysts occur when normal monthly follicles keep developing. There are two kinds of functioning cysts: the functional and the false functional.

  • Hair follicle cyst – An egg breaks out of its follicle during the middle of your menstrual cycle and proceeds down the fallopian tube. Follicular cysts arise when follicles fail to burst and release their eggs. 
  • Corpus luteum cyst – For conception to take place, the follicle releases its egg and starts to secrete estrogen and progesterone. The corpus luteum is a follicle formed as a result of this cycle. As the follicle fills with fluid, the corpus luteum grows into a cyst.

Most functional cysts are not painful and often dissolve after a couple of menstrual periods.

Related Conditions

Symptoms

The majority of cysts do not produce any symptoms and disappear on their own. A large ovarian cyst, on the other hand, may show the following symptoms:

  • Pelvic discomfort — a dull or severe aching in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst
  • Feeling of heaviness or fullness in your abdomen
  • Bloating

When should you go to the doctor?

If you have any of the following symptoms, get medical care right away:

  • Unexpected, severe stomach or pelvic discomfort
  • Pain accompanied by fever or nausea

Immediately seek medical attention if you have any of these clinical symptoms, as well as those of surprise:

  • Cold
  • clammy skin
  • fast breathing
  • dizziness or fainting

When should you go to the doctor?

If you have any of the following symptoms, get medical care right away:

  • Unexpected, severe stomach or pelvic discomfort
  • Pain accompanied by fever or nausea

Immediately seek medical attention if you have any of these clinical symptoms, as well as those of surprise:

  • Cold
  • clammy skin
  • fast breathing
  • dizziness or fainting

12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist

12+ Years of Experience as
Sexologist and Infertility Specialist

Complications

Some females have cysts that are not as prevalent as others, which a doctor discovers during a pelvic exam. Developing cystic ovarian tumors after menopause may be a sign of cervical cancer. It is why it’s critical to have frequent pelvic examinations performed.

Increased ovarian cysts may cause the ovary to shift and twist in uncomfortable ways (ovarian torsion). Sudden onset of severe pelvic discomfort, nausea, and vomiting are all possible symptoms of this condition. Ovarian torsion may also cause blood flow to the ovaries to be reduced or stopped entirely.

Moreover, when a cyst ruptures, it may result in extreme pain as well as internal bleeding. The danger of rupture increases according to the size of the cyst. Vigorous exercise that affects the pelvic, such as vaginal intercourse, increases the likelihood of developing this condition.

Risk Factors

The following factors increase your chances of getting an ovarian cyst:

  • Hormonal imbalances: The use of fertility drugs such as clomiphene (Clomid), which is used to induce ovulation, is one of these options.
  • Pregnancy: In certain cases, the cyst that develops after you ovulate will remain on the ovary for the rest of the pregnancy.
  • Endometriosis: Uterine endometrial cells begin to proliferate outside of the uterus as a result of this disease. Some of the tissue may get attached to your ovary and develop into a tumor.
  • A serious pelvic infection is present. A cyst may develop if an infection travels from the uterus to the ovaries.
  •  An ovarian cyst that has previously existed. If you’ve had one, there’s a good chance you’ll have more.

Endometriosis, Cysts and Infertility

Cysts do not, in most cases, make it difficult to get pregnant. However, if the cysts are caused by chronic diseases such as endometriosis, you may have difficulties conceiving. 

In Endometriosis, the cells like the uterine lining develop on the exterior of your uterus. It can affect your ovaries or fallopian tubes and cause discomfort.

Pregnancy and Ovarian Cysts: What You Need to Know?

It is normal for ovarian cysts to develop during early pregnancy, even if you are not bleeding. Typically, these cysts are non-cancerous, much like the majority of other ovarian cysts.

Although it is unlikely that the cysts would continue to develop during your pregnancy, they involve some risks. They have the potential to rupture, twist, or possibly create complications during delivery. 

This is why it’s critical to be under the supervision of an obstetrician/gynecologist throughout your pregnancy.

Treatment

Treatments are determined by your age, the kind and size of the cyst, and the symptoms you are experiencing. Most of the time, you may sit back and wait to see whether the cyst disappears on its own within a few months. 

If you have no signs and ultrasound reveals that you have a tiny, fluid-filled cyst, this is usually an option regardless of your age to consider. Your doctor will probably suggest that you have periodic pelvic ultrasounds to see whether or not the size of your cyst has increased or decreased.

Your doctor may recommend cyst removal if you have a large, non-functioning cyst. It is crucial if it grows and has persisted for more than two or three menstrual cycles or is causing you discomfort.

Some cysts may be treated without removing the ovary, which is advantageous (ovarian cystectomy). Depending on the circumstances, your doctor may recommend eliminating the afflicted ovary while keeping the other one intact (oophorectomy).

If you have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst, you can book an appointment and with us to get a proper treatment. Our doctor have expertise in helping women with cysts to get pregnant.

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Dr. Ramit Raosaheb Kamate

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Dr. Ramit Kamate is a Reproductive Medicine Consultant and Sexologist with experience of 12+ years. He specialises in Sexual Medicine for male and female, Fertility Treatment, Pre and Post Delivery Care, Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD), Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Natural Cycle IVF, MTP.

Dr. Ramit Kamate finished MBBS from B J Medical College, Pune. He pursued Masters’s In Reproductive Medicine from Hamilton University, UK & IBCME Dubai. Completed Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology and Sexual Medicine from USA.

Ovarian Cysts

by | Oct 8, 2021

Ovarian Cysts

by | Oct 8, 2021

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